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AFLOAT SKILLS - Intermediate Cruising

Note: Boat should be 8 to 12 meters long, sloop rigged with an inboard engine.

You must be able to:

  1. Perform routine daily and weekly maintenance procedures on engine;
  2. Check all Sail Canada recommended equipment aboard regarding its stowage and condition;
  3. Sail a boat of the given size as both skipper and crew:
    1. on all points of sail, tacking, gybing, and sailing to weather efficiently,
    2. execute a series of tacks from close hauled to close hauled (six in ten minutes) using appropriate commands, without oversteering or losing boat speed unduly;
    3. execute a series of gybes while running (six in ten minutes) using appropriate commands, without losing control of the boom or steering;
    4. using the appropriate commands for all turns and changes of tack, assume any point of sail as directed and adjust sails and trim appropriately within a maximum of three minutes;
    5. sail a close hauled course (within 5 degrees) with sails set, keeping foresail telltales flying efficiently and boat moving well for a five minute period;
    6. sail a compass course with sails set properly, with no land references for a minimum of five minutes;
  4. Manoeuvre the boat under power in a minimum space;
  5. Reef the main sail while underway in an efficient manner;
  6. Stop the bow of the boat within 4 feet of a fixed marker in various wind and sea conditions while under power in order to pick up a buoy;
  7. Dock with stern or bow to dock or shore using a bow or stern anchor;
  8. Apply Rules 1 through 19, 40 and 45 of the Collision Regulations;
  9. Demonstrate the use of a spring line to spring a boat off of and on to a dock;
  10. Demonstrate basic use of the VHF marine radio, including Safety, Distress and Urgency calling procedures;
  11. Check out that all systems on boat are in working order; engine, stove, electronics, sails, hull, deck hardware etc;
  12. Prepare a suitable hot meal aboard the boat while in harbour, demonstrating suitable choice of food and drink and economy of resources;
  13. Demonstrate suitable methods and precautions while towing a dinghy;
  14. Demonstrate how to take soundings using electronic and manual methods;
  15. Demonstrate the ‘triangle method’ and one alternative method (i.e. quick stop, fast return, life sling, etc.) of returning to a crew overboard in daytime in moderate winds safely and efficiently with in three minutes using appropriate communications, commands and a spotter;
  16. Identify sources of navigation information and local knowledge;
  17. Lay off a course and determine compass heading and Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA) (assuming no current or leeway);
  18. Read a chart and identify corresponding landmarks and aids to navigation;
  19. Take a fix using visual bearings;
  20. Determine the depth above or below chart datum and apply;
  21. Pilot a boat into unfamiliar harbour or anchorage by day using charts and publications and application of passage planning techniques;
  22. Throw a heaving line to a target a distance of 10 meters away, within 2 meters, in three out of five attempts;
  23. Tie a rolling hitch;
  24. Obtain and interpret the Marine forecast;
  25. Act as skipper or responsible crew on a live-aboard cruise of at least 48 hours;
  26. With specific reference to the boats engine;

    1. Describe and identify the following engine systems: 
      1. ignition; 
      2. electrical; 
      3. fuel; 
      4. propulsion; 
      5. cooling;
    2. Describe the dangers of excessive engine cranking


Flying Sails

  1. Pack, set, hoist, fly, gybe and douse a cruising spinnaker; 

Marlinspike Seamanship

  1. Make an eye splice in laid line;
  2. Whip a line
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