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    E ffective Date: January 3 1, 2020 Sail Canada
    Cruising and Power Standards,
    Basic Coastal Navigation Standard                                                                     © Sail Canada 20 20
     
    BASIC COASTAL NAVIGATION STANDARD

    Course
    Description This introductory course offers basic knowledge of navigation theory and is the initial course in a comprehensi ve set of courses offered by Sail Canada on vessel navigation.
     
    The curriculum covers the role of the navigator and introduces the publications, aids to navigation, tools and techniques that support planning and safe passage making. The student is exposed to basic plotting and position determination methods. This course co vers infor mation key to the effective use of  electronics. Sessions complement  material introduced  in Sail Canada Basic Cruising and Basic Powerboating courses. The concepts and skills covered will be applied in the Intermediate Cruising and  Intermediate P ower courses and prepares candidates for the Sail Canada Intermediate Coastal Navigation courses.
     
    T his course should be offered and evaluated in not less than 15 hours of classroom sessions.
     
    Objective
    To be able to plan and to safely navigate by day in Ca nadian coastal and inland local waters.
     
    Prerequisites None. PCOC Recommended.
     
    Ashore Knowledge
    The candidate must be able to:
    1. Describe the navigator s role and responsibilit ies including appraisal, planning, execution and monitoring posi tion.
    2. Explain the chart symbols and conventions on Canadian Hydrographic charts, in accordance with the ter minology of Chart 1, Symbols, Abbreviations and Terms.
    3.  Identify a source of official Canadian government navigation publications.
    4. List the publications req uired by regulation as well as those needed for prudent navigation in the local area and demonstrate their purpose, including the following minimum requirements:
    a) Large scale charts of the area and Chart 1, Symbols, Abbreviations and Terms;
    b) Sailing Directions;
    c) Tide and Current Tables;
    d) Current Atlas;
    e) Collision Regulations;
    f ) Local rules and regulations;
    g) List of Lights, Buoys, and Fog Signals;
    h) Radio Aids to Marine Navigation;
    i) Safe Boating Guid e;
    j) Canadian Aids to Navigation.
    5. Describe source and purpose of Notices to Mariners ( NOTMAR) and Navigatio nal Warnings ( NAVWARNs) .
    6. List and describe or demonstrate the use of tools required for prudent navigation including:
    a) Hand- bearing compass;
    b) Steering compass and deviation table;
    c) Depth sounder and lead line;
    d) Log/knot- meter;
    e) Dividers;
    f ) Protractor, plotter or parallel rule;
    g) Watch or clock;
    h) Pencil/eraser/note book.
    7. List factors a ffecting depth above or below chart datum in tidal and non- tidal waters.
    8. Use the Tide and Current Table, Current Atlas or chart embedded tables to find:
    a) Times and heights of tides at reference and secondary ports;
    b) Direction and rate of current at reference and secondary stations;
    c) R ate and direction of current  at a specific location using tidal diamonds or a Current Atlas.
    9. Convert courses, headings and bearings between true, magnetic, and compass.
    10. Plot:
    a) A dead reckoning (DR) position from a known position given speed, time, and course;
    b) A position fix based on two or more bearings on different terrestrial objects taken at one time;
    c) A position fix based  ono ne bearing and a transit range based on terrestrial objects;
    d) Danger and clearing bearings.
    11. Given one or more planned legs and estimated speed, d etermine to the nearest minute:
    a) Estimated time of arrival (ETA);
    b) Revised ETA.
    12. Recognize day and night appearance and meaning of the Canadian Aids to Navigation
    S ystem (lat eral, cardinal, special buoys; and day beacons) .
    13. Use charts and publications to prepare a basic pilotage plan for a daytime trip including:
    a) Harbour en try and exit;
    b) Waypoints, rhumb line c ourse, heading (in compass), distance, and ETA;
    c) Use of aids to navigation enroute;
    d) Consideration of water depth, current, weather, and other local factors and hazards.
    14. With reference to GPS:
    a) Explain the basic operation of GPS to determine position;
    b) List factors that affect the accuracy of positions given by GPS;
    c) Identify common GPS applications for navigation and cautions concerning their usage.
    15.  Describe the types of information that may be included in a vessels log.
    16. Use Sail Canada Uniform Navigation Symbols and Terms for plotting and labelling.
     
    Outcomes and Evaluation
    You can attain this standard by achieving a minimum of 70% on the Sail Canada Basic Coastal Navigation Ex amination. Performance on the written exam will be reviewed with the candidate. Successful candidates will be awarded the Basic Coastal Navigation sta ndard and the certification will be noted in the c andidates Sail Canada Logbook. C ertification is complete when the logbook is signed by the evaluating instructor(s) and a seal affixed, and when the candidate status is updated in the Sail Canada data base. S tudent certification is good for life.
     
    Additional Notes Students that have completed Basic Coastal Navigation may further develop their skills by taking the Sail Can ada Intermediate Coastal Navigation or Intermediate Cruising course. Over time student skills may weaken and updates to training to refresh and build skill are recommended.
     
    Physical Requirements for Candidates None.
     
    Further Information For further information on navigation training, contact your Provincial Sailing Association or Sail Canada.
     
     
     
    8.
    Use the
    Tide and Current Table, Current Atlas
    or chart embedded tables to find:
    a)
    Times and heights of tides at reference and secondary ports;
    b)
    Direction and rate of current at
    reference and secondary stations;
    c)
    Rate and direction of current at a specific location using tidal diamonds.or a Current Atlas.
    9.
    Convert courses, headings and bearings between true, magnetic, and compass.
    10.
    Plot:
    a)
    A dead reckoning (DR) position from a kn
    own position given speed, time, and course;
    b)
    A position fix based on two or more bearings on different terrestrial objects taken at one time;
    c)
    A position fix based on one bearing and a tran
    sit range based on terrestrial objects;
    d)
    Danger and clearing bearings.
    11.
    Given one or more planned legs and estimated speed, determine to the nearest minute:
    a)
    Estimated time of arrival (ETA);
    b)
    Revised ETA.
    12.
    Recognize day and night appearance and meaning of the Canadian Aids to Navigation System (lat-
    eral, cardinal, special
    buoys; and daybeacons).
    13.
    Use charts and publications to prepare a basic
    pilotage plan for a daytime trip including:
    a)
    Harbour entry and exit;
    b)
    Waypoints, rhumb line course, heading (in compass), distance, and ETA;
    c)
    Use of aids to navigation enroute;
    d)
    Consideration of water depth,
    current, weather, and othe
    r local factors and hazards.
    14.
    With reference to GPS:
    a)
    Explain the basic operation of GPS to determine position;
    b)
    List factors that affect the accuracy of positions given by GPS;
    c)
    Identify common GPS applications for navigation and cautions concerning their usage.
    15.
    Describe the types of information that may be included in a vessels log.
    16.
    Use Sail Canada Uniform Navigation Symbols and Terms for plotting and labelling.
    `
    Outcomes and Evaluation
    You can attain this standard by achieving a minimum of 70% on the Sail Canada Basic Coastal Navigation
    Examination. Performance on the written exam will be reviewed with the candidate.
    Successful candidates will be awarded the Basic Coastal Na
    vigation standard and the ce
    rtification will be noted
    in the candidates Sail Canada Logbook. Certification is complete when the logbook is signed by the evaluating
    instructor(s) and a seal affi
    xed, and when the candidate status is updated in the Sail Canada data base. Student
    certification is good for life.
    Additional Notes
    Students that have completed Basic Coastal Navigation may further develop their skills by taking the Sail Can-
    ada Intermediate Coastal Navigation or Intermediate Cruising course.
    Over time student skills may weaken and updates to training to refresh and build skill are recommended.
    Physical Requirements for Candidates
    None.
    Further Information
    For further information on navigation training contact your Provincial Sailing Association or Sail Canada.
     

     

    Bruce Stott
    Bruce Stott
    President/Chief Instructor
    Nautical Experience

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